Halloween Fun

Discussion in 'General Discussion' started by Zyta, Oct 22, 2013.

  1. Zyta

    Zyta Drifting Super Mod

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    Straddling the line between fall and winter, plenty and paucity, life and death, Halloween is a time of celebration and superstition. It is thought to have originated with the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain, when people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off roaming ghosts. In the eighth century, Pope Gregory III designated November 1 as a time to honor all saints and martyrs; the holiday, All Saints’ Day, incorporated some of the traditions of Samhain. The evening before was known as All Hallows’ Eve and later Halloween. Over time, Halloween evolved into a secular, community-based event characterized by child-friendly activities such as trick-or-treating. In a number of countries around the world, as the days grow shorter and the nights get colder, people continue to usher in the winter season with gatherings, costumes and sweet treats.

    Ancient Origins of Halloween

    Halloween's origins date back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in). The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1. This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death. Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. On the night of October 31 they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth. In addition to causing trouble and damaging crops, Celts thought that the presence of the otherworldly spirits made it easier for the Druids, or Celtic priests, to make predictions about the future. For a people entirely dependent on the volatile natural world, these prophecies were an important source of comfort and direction during the long, dark winter.

    To commemorate the event, Druids built huge sacred bonfires, where the people gathered to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic deities. During the celebration, the Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins, and attempted to tell each other's fortunes. When the celebration was over, they re-lit their hearth fires, which they had extinguished earlier that evening, from the sacred bonfire to help protect them during the coming winter.
    By 43 A.D., the Roman Empire had conquered the majority of Celtic territory. In the course of the four hundred years that they ruled the Celtic lands, two festivals of Roman origin were combined with the traditional Celtic celebration of Samhain. The first was Feralia, a day in late October when the Romans traditionally commemorated the passing of the dead. The second was a day to honor Pomona, the Roman goddess of fruit and trees. The symbol of Pomona is the apple and the incorporation of this celebration into Samhain probably explains the tradition of "bobbing" for apples that is practiced today on Halloween.

    On May 13, 609 A.D., Pope Boniface IV dedicated the Pantheon in Rome in honor of all Christian martyrs, and the Catholic feast of All Martyrs Day was established in the Western church. Pope Gregory III (731–741) later expanded the festival to include all saints as well as all martyrs, and moved the observance from May 13 to November 1. By the 9th century the influence of Christianity had spread into Celtic lands, where it gradually blended with and supplanted the older Celtic rites. In 1000 A.D., the church would make November 2 All Souls' Day, a day to honor the dead. It is widely believed today that the church was attempting to replace the Celtic festival of the dead with a related, but church-sanctioned holiday. All Souls Day was celebrated similarly to Samhain, with big bonfires, parades, and dressing up in costumes as saints, angels and devils. The All Saints Day celebration was also called All-hallows or All-hallowmas (from Middle English Alholowmesse meaning All Saints' Day) and the night before it, the traditional night of Samhain in the Celtic religion, began to be called All-hallows Eve and, eventually, Halloween.

    Halloween Comes to America

    Celebration of Halloween was extremely limited in colonial New England because of the rigid Protestant belief systems there. Halloween was much more common in Maryland and the southern colonies. As the beliefs and customs of different European ethnic groups as well as the American Indians meshed, a distinctly American version of Halloween began to emerge. The first celebrations included "play parties," public events held to celebrate the harvest, where neighbors would share stories of the dead, tell each other's fortunes, dance and sing. Colonial Halloween festivities also featured the telling of ghost stories and mischief-making of all kinds. By the middle of the nineteenth century, annual autumn festivities were common, but Halloween was not yet celebrated everywhere in the country.

    In the second half of the nineteenth century, America was flooded with new immigrants. These new immigrants, especially the millions of Irish fleeing Ireland's potato famine of 1846, helped to popularize the celebration of Halloween nationally. Taking from Irish and English traditions, Americans began to dress up in costumes and go house to house asking for food or money, a practice that eventually became today's "trick-or-treat" tradition. Young women believed that on Halloween they could divine the name or appearance of their future husband by doing tricks with yarn, apple parings or mirrors.

    In the late 1800s, there was a move in America to mold Halloween into a holiday more about community and neighborly get-togethers than about ghosts, pranks and witchcraft. At the turn of the century, Halloween parties for both children and adults became the most common way to celebrate the day. Parties focused on games, foods of the season and festive costumes. Parents were encouraged by newspapers and community leaders to take anything "frightening" or "grotesque" out of Halloween celebrations. Because of these efforts, Halloween lost most of its superstitious and religious overtones by the beginning of the twentieth century.

    By the 1920s and 1930s, Halloween had become a secular, but community-centered holiday, with parades and town-wide parties as the featured entertainment. Despite the best efforts of many schools and communities, vandalism began to plague Halloween celebrations in many communities during this time. By the 1950s, town leaders had successfully limited vandalism and Halloween had evolved into a holiday directed mainly at the young. Due to the high numbers of young children during the fifties baby boom, parties moved from town civic centers into the classroom or home, where they could be more easily accommodated. Between 1920 and 1950, the centuries-old practice of trick-or-treating was also revived. Trick-or-treating was a relatively inexpensive way for an entire community to share the Halloween celebration. In theory, families could also prevent tricks being played on them by providing the neighborhood children with small treats. A new American tradition was born, and it has continued to grow. Today, Americans spend an estimated $6 billion annually on Halloween, making it the country's second largest commercial holiday.

    Today's Halloween Traditions

    The American Halloween tradition of "trick-or-treating" probably dates back to the early All Souls' Day parades in England. During the festivities, poor citizens would beg for food and families would give them pastries called "soul cakes" in return for their promise to pray for the family's dead relatives. The distribution of soul cakes was encouraged by the church as a way to replace the ancient practice of leaving food and wine for roaming spirits. The practice, which was referred to as "going a-souling" was eventually taken up by children who would visit the houses in their neighborhood and be given ale, food, and money.

    The tradition of dressing in costume for Halloween has both European and Celtic roots. Hundreds of years ago, winter was an uncertain and frightening time. Food supplies often ran low and, for the many people afraid of the dark, the short days of winter were full of constant worry. On Halloween, when it was believed that ghosts came back to the earthly world, people thought that they would encounter ghosts if they left their homes. To avoid being recognized by these ghosts, people would wear masks when they left their homes after dark so that the ghosts would mistake them for fellow spirits. On Halloween, to keep ghosts away from their houses, people would place bowls of food outside their homes to appease the ghosts and prevent them from attempting to enter.

    Halloween Superstitions

    Halloween has always been a holiday filled with mystery, magic and superstition. It began as a Celtic end-of-summer festival during which people felt especially close to deceased relatives and friends. For these friendly spirits, they set places at the dinner table, left treats on doorsteps and along the side of the road and lit candles to help loved ones find their way back to the spirit world. Today's Halloween ghosts are often depicted as more fearsome and malevolent, and our customs and superstitions are scarier too. We avoid crossing paths with black cats, afraid that they might bring us bad luck. This idea has its roots in the Middle Ages, when many people believed that witches avoided detection by turning themselves into cats. We try not to walk under ladders for the same reason. This superstition may have come from the ancient Egyptians, who believed that triangles were sacred; it also may have something to do with the fact that walking under a leaning ladder tends to be fairly unsafe. And around Halloween, especially, we try to avoid breaking mirrors, stepping on cracks in the road or spilling salt.

    But what about the Halloween traditions and beliefs that today's trick-or-treaters have forgotten all about? Many of these obsolete rituals focused on the future instead of the past and the living instead of the dead. In particular, many had to do with helping young women identify their future husbands and reassuring them that they would someday—with luck, by next Halloween—be married. In 18th-century Ireland, a matchmaking cook might bury a ring in her mashed potatoes on Halloween night, hoping to bring true love to the diner who found it. In Scotland, fortune-tellers recommended that an eligible young woman name a hazelnut for each of her suitors and then toss the nuts into the fireplace. The nut that burned to ashes rather than popping or exploding, the story went, represented the girl's future husband. (In some versions of this legend, confusingly, the opposite was true: The nut that burned away symbolized a love that would not last.) Another tale had it that if a young woman ate a sugary concoction made out of walnuts, hazelnuts and nutmeg before bed on Halloween night she would dream about her future husband. Young women tossed apple-peels over their shoulders, hoping that the peels would fall on the floor in the shape of their future husbands' initials; tried to learn about their futures by peering at egg yolks floating in a bowl of water; and stood in front of mirrors in darkened rooms, holding candles and looking over their shoulders for their husbands' faces. Other rituals were more competitive. At some Halloween parties, the first guest to find a burr on a chestnut-hunt would be the first to marry; at others, the first successful apple-bobber would be the first down the aisle.

    Of course, whether we're asking for romantic advice or trying to avoid seven years of bad luck, each one of these Halloween superstitions relies on the good will of the very same "spirits" whose presence the early Celts felt so keenly.
     
  2. Zyta

    Zyta Drifting Super Mod

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    Halloween treats for cats and dogs taken from the ASPCA website and that mess up there from History.com

    Every pet parent knows that dogs and cats can’t have chocolate—and, really, they shouldn’t eat candy of any kind. But with Halloween right around the corner, we don’t want our animal companions to miss out on the fun! Check out these easy treats for your pets.

    Halloween Cat Cookie
    Your kitties will love the fishy flavor of these tasty treats.

    1/4 cup warm water
    5 Tablespoons parmesan cheese
    3 Tablespoons soft margarine
    1 Tablespoon cod liver oil
    1 cup white flour
    1/4 cup soy flour

    1. Preheat oven to 300 degrees Fahrenheit.
    2. Combine water, cheese, margarine and oil.
    3. Add flour and form dough.
    4. Roll to 1/4 inch thick and cut with small holiday cookie cutters.
    5. Bake on an ungreased cookie sheet for 20 to 25 minutes, or until golden.

    Peanut Butter and Pumpkin Pooch Treats
    Your dog will love the taste and enjoy the crunch!

    2 1/2 cups whole wheat flour
    1/2 cup fresh or canned pumpkin (not seasoned pie filling)
    1/2 cup peanut butter
    2 teaspoons cinnamon
    1 teaspoon baking powder
    1/2 cup water as needed

    1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees Fahrenheit.
    2. Whisk together flour, baking powder, pumpkin, peanut butter and cinnamon in a bowl.
    3. Add water as needed, but the dough should be stiff and dry.
    4. Roll to 1/2 inch thick and cut with holiday cookie cutters.
    5. Bake for about 40 minutes, or until hard.

    Special Note: Remember these recipes are treats and should not replace your pet’s regular meals. Please check with your veterinarian if your pet has special dietary needs or food allergies.
     
  3. Zyta

    Zyta Drifting Super Mod

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    Recipe for Pumpkin Pizza that I found.

    Pumpkin Pizza

    Here's a recipe for pizza that's ideal for Halloween parties. It's also good for those who have trouble with nightshade plants (like tomatoes and peppers) and acidic foods. Surprisingly, it can taste close enough to regular pizza that some might not realize it's not a regular pizza or think you've used green tomatoes.

    Note that I have made this without exact measures so some the exact amount needed may vary. Use your judgment. This is quite an easy recipe although dough making may take a little experience.

    If you're not comfortable making your own dough you can buy it. But this dough recipe is fairly simple and doesn't require exact ingredients.

    Pizza dough:

    Any dough will do, although for a simple quick-bread dough, ( for one pizza):

    2-3 cups flour (white, whole wheat or other, as preferred)
    1 cup sour cream
    2 tablespoons oil (regular or olive) (optional, if not being frozen)
    1 teaspoon baking soda
    1 teaspoon baking powder (optional, to add extra leavening)

    Mix all ingredients together until flour is fully incorporated. More or less flour may be used depending upon how wet the dough is. The dough should be dry enough to be handled without sticking too much to the hands. Wet dough will be hard to spread out but dry dough may not spread well.

    Oil is optional if the pizza is to be cooked right away, although it is recommended if the pizza is to be frozen as the crust can get too dry. Baking powder helps to add fluffiness to dough.

    Multiply ingredients according to the number of pizzas desired. (Since it's quick-bread you can make more right away if needed.) Ingredients can easily be increased or reduced depending upon the size of the pizza.

    Sauce:

    A pound of flesh from a Jack-O-Lantern's corpse (aka pumpkin)
    Three fungus heads (aka mushrooms)
    2 tablespoons Oregano (dried)
    2-3 cloves of the herb vampires hate (aka garlic)
    A large cooked and peeled carrot (optional)

    Pre-cook raw pumpkin to soften. Canned pumpkin could be used (I've never tried it) but freshly cooked or frozen is best.

    Roughly chop mushrooms and carrot if used. Peel and chop garlic.

    Put all ingredients in blender and blend until well mixed. Pre-cutting mushrooms, carrot and garlic isn't essential but it does help them to blend better. If sauce seems too thick when blending add water.

    To help flavors blend, Cook sauce for five to ten minutes, stirring occasionally. This step can be skipped if you're in a hurry, provided the pumpkin has been well cooked beforehand.

    The carrot may seem like an odd ingredient but it adds color and texture to the sauce, although isn't necessary. Cooking it first allows it to blend better.

    Toppings:
    mozzarella cheese (shredded or grated)
    cheddar cheese (shredded or grated)
    Other toppings as desired, although may topping that work on tomato pizzas may not taste the same on pumpkin pizza.

    Pizza:
    Spread out dough onto lubricated or non-stick pans and pre-bake at 350 degrees for about 5 minutes. Rolling pin can be used to help spread out dough, although the back of a spoon can also be used when pressing out dough.

    Spread pumpkin sauce to edges of pizza. Add toppings and cheese.

    Bake for 10-15 minutes at 450 degrees until crust is a desired brown. Watch edges for burning.

    Leftover sauce will freeze well and can be used as a pasta sauce, although may be a bit mild for whole-wheat pastas.

    Sauce recipe is designed for about 4 pizzas but extra sauce can be stored. It can also be used as a tomato sauce substitute, but has a milder and slightly sweeter quality so it's better with white pastas than whole wheat pastas.

    Pizzas also freeze well. If making as a frozen pizza then assemble the pizzas and wrap in cellophane. Unwrap and bake for 15-20 minutes until crust is a desired brown. Frozen pizzas may be a little crispier than freshly baked pizzas (hence the need for the oil). I have kept the sauce frozen for at least a month, although it can loose flavor over time, especially in the strength of the garlic.
     
  4. Zyta

    Zyta Drifting Super Mod

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    Chocolate Pumpkin Loaf


    Ingredients:
    • 1.25 cup all-purpose flour
    • 1/4 cup unsweetened cocoa powder
    • 1/2 cup sugar
    • 3/4 cup packed brown sugar
    • 2 eggs
    • 1 teaspoon baking powder
    • 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
    • 1/4 teaspoon salt
    • 2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
    • 1/2 teaspoon ground nutmeg
    • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract
    • 1/2 can (7.5 ounces) pumpkin
    • 1 cup chocolate chips
    Directions:
    1. Preheat oven to 325*F. Grease loaf pan.
    2. Combine all ingredients in large mixing bowl; blend well.
    3. Once mixed, pour batter into loaf pan.
    4. Bake for 40-45 minutes, until top is firm and a toothpick comes out clean.
    5. Allow loaf to cool for 15 minutes; dust with powdered sugar (if desired).
     
  5. Zyta

    Zyta Drifting Super Mod

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  6. Zyta

    Zyta Drifting Super Mod

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